The object of UNESCO world heritage sites no longer occupied by the terrorists. Palmyra survived in an unequal battle with them, but at what cost – its monuments are looted, some of them completely destroyed, and in the national Museum in the city is impossible to go without a shudder: on the floors of the building and scattered the statue all the Windows smashed.
Many a sinking heart was watching the unfolding events in Palmyra, one of the oldest cities in the world and the main attractions of Syria, whose name became a household word. So the news that the “pearl of the desert” released after almost a year of captivity of terrorists, many opinali very emotional. Finally the city is no longer occupied by the militants, and he is able to breathe after a long unequal fight for life and death.
However, another question arises: how many attractions were left in Palmyra, recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site and the former center of the Roman province in the II-III centuries of our era. Archaeologists from various countries who were engaged in excavation in Palmyra, did not weary of contemplating artful finds, their quality and the skill of the authors found the remains of architectural structures and relics. On the territory of the Palmyra area of 6 sq. m. once it was possible to find a unique and amazing mixture of traditions from different countries – the majestic temples, the amphitheatre, colonnades, forum, triumphal arch, whose age is about 2000 years. Now there is a huge risk that these monuments no one will never see.
The damage to Palmyra, extremely high. Some of its treasures lost forever, other antiquities looted and are now being sold on the black market, and the remaining architectural structures of the city suffered tremendous damage, their restoration will require a large amount of time.
So, the national Museum of Palmyra, whose funds were collected impresses millions of visitors a collection of exhibits, exposed to the wildest vandalism. It showcases and pedestals destroyed, and what once was treasured within them, can be found lying around, like dirt, on different floors of the building. In addition, while the terrorists on the territory drevnego of the city was blown up Balsamina temple, built in honour of a Canaanite deity, the second on the cultural significance of the temple in Palmyra. Also did not remain of the ancient temple of Bel, which was considered the main Shrine of the city. And the arc de Triomphe, the famous worldwide monuments of Palmyra, the image of which you can see on the cover of history books. This attraction with a height of 20 meters was built in the II century BC under the Emperor Septimia the North and have great value, according to UNESCO and all researchers of antiquity. Very badly damaged an indoor market, the citadel, built in the X century, the largest ancient amphitheater, the Sednaya monastery built in the year 574.
Large-scale reconstruction of the ancient city will start from April. As reported RIA Novosti, the experts will build again the temples of Bel and Balsamina and will appraise the damage caused to the treasures of Palmyra and engaged in the restoration of the victims of the militants of the attractions. The timing of these works is still unknown. And only after this recovery period, which may extend over several years, “the pearl of the desert” will once again be able to receive thousands of visitors from all over the world, as in the old days.