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The first and only President of the USSR, who ruled the state from 1990 to 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev awarded the Nobel Peace prize. The wife of Mikhail Gorbachev, Raisa Gorbachev (Titarenko) was his faithful companion. About the personal life of Mikhail Gorbachev can learn from many sources and monographs, including his autobiographical novel “Reflections on the past and the future” (1998).
About the personal life of Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (b. 2.03.1931, S. Privolnoye, North Caucasus Krai, Stavropol Krai now) married once. His wife was Raisa Maksimovna Gorbacheva (1932-1999) — woman strong, strong-willed, with a keen sense of justice. In Wikipedia, as well as on the personal website of Mikhail Sergeyevich, you can see the archival photo of this couple.
On photo: Raisa Gorbachev and Mikhail Gorbachev in his youth
With his future wife, Mikhail Gorbachev first met at a dance, even while studying at MSU. He went to law school, and she is on the faculty of philosophy. Raisa Titarenko was notable not only for its beauty, charm, but also intelligence, humility and dedication. Their student the wedding was modest. Started it in 1953 in the student cafeteria. Money from the College boys in love was not much, only the money that the boy earned during the student holidays.
The only daughter of the couple Gorbachev was born in 1957. Called the girl Ira. Irina Mikhailovna Virganskaya the two children: Ksenia Virganskaya, Gorbachev (b. 21.01.1980) and Anastasia Virganskaya (b. 27.03.1987). Irina was married twice. Her first husband, the physician of the city hospital No 1, Moscow Virginsky Anatoly Olegovich. Married to Irina from 1978 to 1993. Her second husband — Trukhachev Andrew M. (married since 2006). Irina Mikhaylovna — doctor, Vice-President “Gorbachev-Fund”.
Mikhail Gorbachev and his daughter Irina
Gorbachev, Raisa Maximovna
A certified philosopher and sociologist Raisa Gorbachev known in our country and abroad as a former first lady of the country, which was engaged in family, career and charity work. During his stay in the status of wife Raisa Gorbachev’s presidency was one of the most discussed persons in our country and abroad. As a woman with a very unusual biography, she had a strong character and its own view on the role of women in politics.
On photo: Raisa Gorbacheva young
Rose wife of Mikhail Gorbachev in the Altai region. Her father is Ukrainian and mother Russian. At Titarenko had 3 children. Paradise — older and younger — brother, Eugene and sister Lyudmila. After graduating sister Raisa — Lyudmila Alcacova became a doctor, and the youngest brother is a writer. Paradise was accustomed to labor from childhood, good in school, and in 1949, received a certificate and gold medal, was a student of Moscow state University.
In 1955, after graduating, Raisa Gorbachev worked in the society “Knowledge”, and taught philosophy in agricultural and medical institutions. At the same time she has carried out research in sociology, which allowed it in 1967, successfully defend a thesis on this topic. In 1978, the first lady of country started its work in Moscow as a teacher of philosophy at Moscow state University and a lecturer society “Knowledge”. A few years later, in 1985, Raisa began to follow her husband in his business trips.
Raisa Gorbachev and Nancy Reagan
It should be noted that for the eighties, this behavior of the wife of the party leader in our country was unprecedented, as the wives of heads of state tried to stay humble in the shadow of their husbands-politicians, not exposing a personal life on display. Raisa Gorbachev, on the contrary, openly supported her husband, taking an active part not only in the personal life of Mikhail Gorbachev, but also in its political Affairs.
Abroad her behaviour as the wife of Mikhail Gorbachev, evoked sympathy and approval. It was any genuine interest from politicians and their wives. According to the survey, the British magazine the eighties Raisa Gorbachev identified the “woman of the year”. During a visit in USA met Raisa Gorbachev and Nancy Reagan, that the Soviet Union condemned it openly. In addition to constant assistance to her husband-policy Raisa involved in charity work, being sure that it is her sacred duty.
Under her direct leadership began its work charity Foundation children of Chernobyl and patients with leukemia. Large cultural contribution made by the wife of the former President, as a member of the Presidium of the Soviet culture Fund, with the support of which started their work in museums spouses Roerich, Marina Tsvetaeva, Benois family and petrodvoretskiy Museum.
When Mikhail Gorbachev left office, his wife actively helped her husband to compare the facts in his biography, checking all the necessary data during the writing of the book. With her husband they set up a “Gorbachev Foundation”, the main activity of which is financed from personal funds, various grants and donations. In 1997, Raisa has created a “Club Raisa,” which included figures of science and culture. Its aim is to help young and talented scientists, poets and writers.
Page political biography of Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev — former President of the USSR, the result of the political activities which went down in history. His merit was “perestroika”, which affected the change of life in the Soviet Union and around the world. Today some believe that he gave our people the democratic freedom, while others believe that Gorbachev is the main cause of trouble, falling on the heads of Russian citizens.
Mikhail Gorbachev, a native of Stavropol. The father and the mother of his peasants, worked hard, lived as all peasants of that time. In childhood the boy had grief during the German occupation, it has influenced the Outlook of Mikhail Gorbachev. 13 he also studied and worked as an assistant combine. For their hard work in 1949, Mikhail Gorbachev received governmental award: order of the red banner of Labor.
Mikhail Gorbachev with his parents and younger brother
Mikhail Gorbachev with his grandfather, Pantelei Yefimovich Gopkalo and grandmother Vasilisa the bieşu was Gopkalo
In 1950, the young man enrolled at MSU, where he was head of the student League, and two years later he is a member of the Communist party, which was an important milestone in the political biography of Gorbachev. After graduating from Moscow state University (1955) he was elected the first Secretary of city Committee VLKSM in Stavropol. In 1967 he virtually ends the agricultural Institute, becoming an agronomist-economist. The rapid development of the political career of Mikhail Gorbachev did it in 1962, a party Organizer in the Stavropol agricultural management. Here in the Wake of the reforms of Nikita Khrushchev, he quickly earned an excellent reputation.
Mikhail Gorbachev in his youth
Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan
Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin
In 1974, Mikhail Gorbachev became a member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, in 1978 on the initiative of Yuri Andropov, he was transferred to Moscow, to the post of Secretary of the Central Committee; and in 1979 he was a part of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee. In 1985 Gorbachev becomes the General Secretary of the CPSU, at that time in the USSR started a process of democratization of society. In September 2017 the book of Mikhail Gorbachev “Remain optimistic”, which together with his biography touches upon policy issues.
Mikhail Gorbachev today