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The works of a Russian singer, poet and composer, who became one of the founders of Soviet pop culture, Alexander Nikolayevich Vertinsky (1889, Kiev — 1957, Leningrad) has enriched the world culture more than 140 songs and 5 collections of his poetry and prose. Alexander starred in 25 films, including “the conspiracy of the doomed (1950), awarded in 1951, honorary Stalin prize for the role of cardinal Byrne. Well-known actor, poet and performer has been married twice. Personal life of Alexander Vertinsky was bright and interesting.
Personal life of Alexander Vertinsky
Personal life of Alexander Vertinsky, at the first stage, there were three most dear to him: his mother, father and older sister. The father of Alexander Vertinsky — Nikolay Petrovich (1845-1894) was served in a law office and was known as the smartest person. He has published many acclaimed humorous anecdotes and incisive articles on the topic of the day in the newspaper “Kyiv word”. Your work Nikolay Vertinsky posted under the pseudonym Earl Niver.
In the photo: Alexander Vertinsky in his childhood with his sister Hope
Mom, Alexander — Eugene Skalatska belonged to a noble family. For his beloved Nikolai Petrovich specially rented a house, where was born his eldest daughter Hope, and a little later — and a son, Sasha. And it would be good have two loving each other people, if Nicholas Vertinsky has not been married. And in 1880 the birth of children outside marriage as the relationship of a married man with a young unmarried beauty society strongly condemned.
Alexander Vertinsky in his youth
Wife of Nicholas Vertinsky, knowing everything about her husband’s infidelity, about his new family and children, refused to divorce. Therefore, the father of Alexander Vertinsky legally adopted him and Hope. Tormented by the situation, quarrels with family members and the difficult situation prevailing in the family of a loved one, Eugene Skalatska died when Sasha was only three years old. And after 2 years his father died.
Children undertook to educate the nobles Skolzkie that at 9 years old sent the boy to the Imperial gymnasium of Alexandria, where Alexander was seen in the theft and expelled. Continue education the boy continued in a classic gymnasium No 4, Kiev, and there he could not long survive. The only thing that saved him and allowed to somehow escape from reality, was a theatre and …love.
Wife Of Alexander Vertinsky
First wife of Alexander Vertinsky — Jewish beauty Rachel (Raisa) Potocka, who after marriage changed her name, becoming Irena Vertices. Acquaintance of Alexander and Rachel took place in Poland, when in his biography wedged capacious word emigration. They lived together for about seven years, but according to the divorce decree from the archives of the singer, he officially lasted from 1923 to 1941. Himself a famous artist in his memoirs about his first wife does not even mention.
In 1942, the famous singer married for the second time. Wife of Alexander Vertinsky — Lydia Vladimirovna, nee Tsirgvava (1923-2013), at the time of marriage it was an eighteen year old girl, the daughter of a Russian employee of CEL. Subsequently, the biography of the wife of the artist has changed dramatically. Lydia Vladimirovna was a talented artist and actress. Second marriage of Alexander Nikolayevich lasted from 1942 to 1957.
In the photo: Alexander Vertinsky and his wife Lydia
Biography of the wife of Alexander Vertinsky
Lida was born in Harbin (China), in the Georgian family. Her grandfather, a former officer, were engaged in beekeeping and had a solid economy. The father leads, Tsirgvava V. C., served in the CER. Mother leads — Lidia Tsirgvava, nee Fomina, was an exemplary housewife. When she was 10 years old, passed away her father. In Shanghai, became acquainted with Lydia Alexander Vertinsky, who at that time was already fifty. In 1942 they married.
Alexander and Lydia Vladimirovna Vertinskie
In 1943 Alexander, Lida went Home. In hotel “Metropol”, where they lived, Vertinskie lived three years, and then moved to an apartment provided to them. Lydia was an excellent painter, and in 1955 received a diploma of the artist, after graduating from the Institute. Surikova. After that, she began work at the printing plant, participated in art exhibitions. Biography of the wife of the famous artist was closely associated with the arts.
Family Vertinsky – Alexander, Lydia Vladimirovna and daughter Marianne
Put them on the screen career of Lidia Vertinskaya was not planned, but a chance meeting with the film Director Aleksandr Ptushko, and determined its creative biography. When he began shooting the film-tale “Sadko” (1952), she was offered the main role. She coped brilliantly with the main role in the film “the Kingdom of crooked mirrors” (1963), and “Kiev” (1958), where Lidiya Vertinskaya played Frau Martha. Then there were two movie: “New adventures of Puss in boots” (1957) and “don Quixote” (1957).
Lidiya Vertinskaya in the movie “Sadko”
Lidiya Vertinskaya in the film “don Quixote”
Married Vertinsky were born two daughters, Marianna and Anastasiya Vertinska, who became Honored and people’s artists of the RSFSR. And in 34 years of Lidiya Vladimirovna was left without a husband. The sense of her personal life was always family. The money she earned by selling his paintings. Lydia Vertinskaya three grandchildren and five great-grandchildren who loved and adored her. She lived 90 years, many having survived his only and always of my beloved husband Alexander Vertinsky.
Alexander Vertinsky daughters: Marianne and Anastasia
Daughter of Alexander Vertinsky Anastasia Vertinskaya in the movie “the amphibian Man”
The eldest daughter of Alexander Vertinsky – Marianna Vertinskaya, 2018
Pages of the creative biography of Alexander Vertinsky
While still quite young, Alexander successfully performed in Amateur theatricals. However, the money the young man lacked, so he began to steal money, but also from its native aunt. For this Skolzkie kicked him out. Deprived of shelter and food, he was forced to work as a porter, salesman, proofreader at the printing house, and in this difficult time, Alexander was lucky to meet an old friend of his mother — Sofia Zelinskaya, who was able to replace his parents, and influenced his future career.
He not only lived in the home of Sophia Nikolaevna, but at her insistence, to fill the gaps in your education. At this time Alexander Vertinsky actively engaged in literature, taking part in performances, meet interesting people of his time: Kazimir Malevich, Marc Chagall, Nathan Altman, and many others. The talent of the young people were reflected in his literary work: Vertinsky began collaborating with the Kiev popular publications.
His unusual stories, plays, poems, published in Newspapers, soon brought to Alexander, the fame, and the first fees were allowed to become independent, and woke up his desire to become famous. Along with this, Vertinsky learns about the cruel deception of his aunts, who told him about his sister’s death. In fact, his older sister, Hope was alive and served in one of the Moscow theatres. This news is very pleased, and in 1913, full of hope, he goes to the capital.
In Moscow there was a lot of small theatre studios, all were involved in theatrical productions. It was there, and began the creative biography of Alexander Vertinsky. Talented young man soon noticed and invited to work in the Theatre of miniatures under the leadership of Maria Alexandrovna Artsybushevoy, which was located on Tverskaya street. Since the first performance, Alexander was inspired by the applause and audience excitement, which caused his game.
Thus, a brother and sister not only reunited, they realized that fate had bestowed upon them a precious gift — a talent. Since then, Alexander began to go on stage again and again. In addition to working in theater, he wrote parodies, stories, and interesting scenes on the topic of the day. Inspired by the success, in 1913, the future famous actor decided to enlist in the Moscow art theatre of Stanislavsky. But down the young man his diction: no, accepted him into your team due to the fact that he quite clearly pronounced the “R”.
Alexander Vertinsky in a film “Anna on the neck”
At the same time Alexander began acting in movies. His first picture — “Open”. The role was not the main, but working on this film, the young actor has gained invaluable experience. However, the career of the artist was interrupted by the war. Alexander Vertinsky in 1914 he volunteered for the front. In 1915 he was wounded and after returning to Moscow, I learned of the death of her older sister. It was a big tragedy in the personal life of Alexander Vertinsky, as the Hope he had always considered his only family.
Alexander Vertinsky, the front, 1914
After returning from the front Vertinsky continued to play in Artsybushevoy theatre and film. At the same time, there is the famous image of Pierrot. “Song Pierrot”, his eccentric miniatures, and liked by the audience such songs as “today I laugh” and “crystal Requiem”, “Cochinada”, “Yellow angel” and many others did Alexander Vertinsky’s popular. In this judgment the most severe critics of his performances has always been positive.
Famous artistic image of Alexander Vertinsky – Piero
The reason for the popularity was the directness and sincerity of the author. Alexander openly expressed in his poems and songs that are so worried about any person: about unrequited love, about the heart pain and happiness, on the impersonality of society and its culture. The actor, singer and poet, he performed on stage his works and the works of such poets as Alexander Blok, Igor Severyanin, Marina Tsvetaeva. But always he had his own style of execution.
In 1917 Alexander Vertinsky goes on tour around the country, which lasted two years and affected his personal life and future career. During this time he visited many cities of Russia, and then went abroad: Romania, Poland, France, Germany, Palestine. Wherever he spoke, the halls were always crowded. Archival photos have preserved the memories of that time.