The roof, for all its apparent simplicity, is complex and time-consuming. In the process of its installation it is required to pobrezgovali, insulate and seal the. And still need to choose the material from which made the roof. Depend on not only certain properties of the roof, but the exterior of the house. It is better to lay on the roof shingles, decking or euroslate? In this article we will look at modern coatings, their features and differences.
Ceramic tile is one of the most durable materials for the roof, which also looks solid on the buildings. Tile roof good for the city of cottage and garden, and a magnificent Palace. But with all the advantages of the tiles has two considerable disadvantages. First, the high price is from 2 to 5 thousand per square meter; second, a great weight of 35-50 kg per square meter. Therefore, even with the most solid Foundation it is better to contact the engineer to calculate the strength of the snap-in roof.
Still, not every tile will adequately withstand the harsh Russian winter. This is especially true of little-known product manufacturers. The durability and reliability of tile depends on the water resistance. The main reason why tiles will quickly be consumed and destroyed: in sub-zero temperatures the water in it freezes, and at zero accumulated ice thaws. Simple physics — the volume of ice is greater than the amount of water, so tile cracks and crumbles with the years. Water resistant tiles depends directly on the clay and firing characteristics. This should be considered when selecting and clarify before buying.
Two more reasons for damage of the shingles — careless transportation and unprofessional builders. Tiles can crack from rough handling, so it requires the Builder of caution and skills.
As the name implies, this tile is made from cement mixture with sand. It is much cheaper ceramic — from 500 to 1000 rubles per square meter. However, the characteristics of it are almost the same: heavy, frequent problems with the water resistance. To give color, in the manufacture of cement-sand tiles used dyes that sometimes tend to fade. Ceramics a particular color becomes due to the natural tint of the clay. But in both cases, and ceramic and cement-sand tile — for her to take care of that over time, it is not overgrown with moss.
The easiest and inexpensive coating — metal tile. It consists of three layers: a steel plate at the base, a layer of zinc against rust and the synthetic surface on top. The shape and topography of the sheet metal often copy the usual shingles. The color scheme is quite wide — from the brick to the color of asphalt. This tile weighs only 3-6 kg / square meter and is 300-800 rubles per sq.Meter.
The quality and thickness of the steel and the zinc layer determines the durability of metal. In one square meter should be at least 275 grams of zinc. If this condition is met — the roof of the metal will last for decades. If not, corrosion will start quickly. No less important than covered with metal: it is desirable that it was patented coating European manufacturer.
When cutting and laying of metal should work carefully not to damage the coating. And under the roof in addition to insulation and waterproofing is desirable to make insulation to the roof do not make noise in the rain.
The corrugated sheet is very similar to the metal. He can only copy. The only difference is that the sheeting more varieties and more free form. The leaves are more options of sizes and tile “wave” replaces the rectangular “edges”. The reliability of corrugated sheets as a roofing material is directly dependent on the height of the sheets: for example, the higher the sheet is, the more snow on himself, he will stand. The disadvantages of the corrugated sheet are the same as the metal: spoiled by careless handling and stacking, thunders in the rain.
Composite shingles, as metal, is made of steel and zinc, but not coated with synthetic, acrylic or stone chips, sometimes even handmade. The price for composite tiles — from 1 thousand rubles per square meter, and if the series of quality — 2-3 thousand rubles. However, this material compensates all expenses for its longevity: if the manufacturer follows the quality and the technology of the installation complied with in a strict manner, composite shingles for decades. It is especially suitable for roofs with sharp corners, unlike most other roofing materials.
The folded roof
Standing seam roofing is considered to be elite metallic coating. The fold itself is a method of joining sheets of roofing: they close their among themselves and throw nodes of different complexity. This way you can avoid leaks in the future. Hence the name of the material used for the roof. The folded roof is durable and is equally suitable for historical masterpieces of architecture and modern buildings.
The most durable such roofs are made from copper and zinc alloy with titanium. The price — from 2 thousand rubles per square meter. Service life with proper installation and operation of more than 50 years. Copper sheet over time, turns green in air. Fold aluminum cheaper and less durable.
Alternatively, you can buy bond folded steel sheet with coatings. If it is normal, not high quality steel, for the price and durability it will not yield metal. But the roof will be more airtight and acquire a solid appearance.
Remember asphalt roof, which almost every year in need of repair? Today they came with a soft roof or, as they are called, flexible. They look much nicer and in terms of reliability is better. Soft roof can mimic almost any material up to brick, but most often it is similar to shingles. Color range is quite wide, but the form segments may be square, diamond or even coal.
The basis of the soft roof is canvas. It is bitumen, and the top is laminate or coating (e.g., grit). Shingles is inexpensive — 300-1000 rubles per square meter, if it is layered — and more expensive. The soft top is convenient and practical, easy to attach and does not need the attachment bolts. It is slightly baked in the sun, making passes very little water, and it’s not noisy in the rain. The only drawback of the soft roof — fragility. Even the best quality will last not more than 30 years. Black spots may appear after 10 years, and small distortion of colors — not just yet. To make a soft roof, a few rafters and sheathing will need to put particleboard or other panels.
The slate is now used except in utility rooms and garages. For the roofs of buildings used evroshifer, which is also called Onduline in honor of the French manufacturer. You could say it’s cardboard, mixed with bitumen. Euroslate perfect for a country house and with proper choice of brands and colours looks very good. But for more complex and sophisticated buildings euroslate is not the best option.
The choice of roofing materials is quite broad and varied. Today, you can find a suitable option for any task — whether a country house or a luxury Palace. It all depends on the imagination and boldness of the designer and the customer. In any case, before choosing something, consult with experts in order not to be trapped. You can do this in the construction of the shopping complex Design at 25 km of the Moscow ring road. Professional specialist engineer calculate the cost of the roof and will provide the necessary guidance. Also the coatings you will definitely find the one you need. To learn more about the various roof coatings You can find on the TC website Designer.